Council of Policy
Archival Resources - Council of Policy
Council of Policy 1711 Apr 13 C.28. pp.117-129 Also resolved, as much as the provisions of planks will allow, to bury in coffins the soldiers and sailors who come to die here, so that the European fashion, as much as possible, is favoured over that of the local nation … Also to finish the project of the soldier grave yard, as completely and as soon as shall be possible.
Council of Policy 1795 Feb 20 C.229 pp.2-50 Niquaniassen [type of cloth] was used to ‘sow in’ the dead and the use of this depends on the number of deceased, regarding which the Governors however have made an Amendment [?], that the binnenvader [the person responsible for the daily running of the hospital?] has been ordered to have the deceased sewn in their own hammock if such is available, and to be buried in that.
Council of Policy 1711 Jun 1 C.29. pp.24-27 to prevent such smuggling, these [planks] were forfeited and used for making coffins for the poor soldiers or sailors dying here
Council of Policy 1716 Feb 3 C.35. pp.82-96 the resolution of 11th March 1710 concerning the burial of soldiers and sailors who come to die here, has not been followed, which however was caused by no other than a shortage of planks
Council of Policy 1716 Mar 16 C.36. pp.95-117 The hospital grave yard is missing only a gate or a door to close it, through which the pigs and other livestock have free access to that grave yard
Council of Policy 1716 Apr 21 C.38. pp.26-31 the undersigned, Adolf Burgers, during the time which he spent as undertaker, several burghers and residents ordered graves for their slaves, which were made, and then cancelled them because they wanted to make those graves themselves; and because of the disorderly interment of those slaves, as they were only put very shallow under the soil and shortly after exposed, probably bad events could occur ... the modest request that from now on no more free burghers or others will be permitted to bury their slaves themselves ...Approved provision that when the Lord Fiscal is notified and permission is asked to entrust such deceased to the earth, also to give the submitter notice and orders on how to deal with those bodies
Council of Policy 1717 Mar 30 C.41. pp.62-114 Found that the gate of the hospital grave yard was mended, however it was blown over again by a strong southeaster wind and stored in the Castle. However the inner court yard of that graveyard appears to us very uneven and irregular. While it will be necessary to level it and even it out, the wall around it is found in good order.
Council of Policy 1717 Nov 12 C.54. pp.107-116 ... a bad smell was noticed at the grave yard where the Company employees that die here are buried, either sailors or soldier ... be beneficial to prevent and take away the mentioned evil by raising the level of the grave yard or by any other means, and to look out for a suitable new place for the burial of previously mentioned Company employees or slaves, noticing that this grave yard, being close to Cape houses, seemed badly located ... is resolved to have the named grave yard raised as soon as possible, and also hereby to commission the surveyor Cochius as well as the undertaker Adolph Burgers and the burgher mason Jacob Paassen, to look out for an appropriate place to establish a new grave yard, removed further from the Cape houses, near the Leeuwenberg or dunes ... … strongly forbidden from now on to open any graves, be it in the church, in the grave yard or anywhere else, to open or have opened any coffins of deceased, unless it is especially requested in advance by the interested party or church master and found qualified.
Council of Policy 1720 Nov 19 C.54. pp.117-121 we the undersigned identified a place for a common grave yard, situated in this Table Valley close to the macassar graves near the dunes, which would be long S.SE and N.NW 33 roeden {124.68 m}, and wide E.NO and W.SW 15 roeden {56.67 m}, making an area of 495 square roeden, in which plot one could bury 5940 dead bodies, calculating 12 in a square roede … that plot … from now on will be used as a graveyard for the Company’s servants, be it sailors or soldiers, and also around it for the slaves dying here, which is why the civil guard of this locality will be ordered to patrol the area on his rounds to prevent the thievery of planks or coffins of the buried, and the geweldiger with his caffirs has to keep a wakeful eye at all time
Council of Policy 1721 Dec 2 C.57. pp.101-107 the stones of the wall of the sailor’s grave yard, which presently lies in the middle of the Cape, and because of other inconveniences is no longer in use, will be broken down and used in the construction of the foundations of the new equipment store and artisans’ quarter
Council of Policy 1749 Aug 26 C.127. pp.141-157 the corpse of Radeen Djoerit who died here, former Regent of Madure, at the opening of the tomb where it was placed without a coffin in Mohammedan practice, was found in such a condition that it still could not be handled without inconvenience and even less to be brought on board a ship to be taken to Batavia, why it was deemed best to wait until this could be done properly
Council of Policy 1754 Sep 3 C.132. pp.325-355 when a body is buried, no slave either adult or child shall be allowed within the ring wall of the grave yard, on the risk of being punished. When a male or female slave is buried, from now on not more than six, eight or at maximum ten pairs of slaves, according to the status and rank of the deceased’s master, be allowed to follow the body on the penalty of a 25 rxd fine to be paid by the master of the deceased slave.
Council of Policy 1662 Oct 6 C.2. pp.300-301 With regards to the preacher Johannes Junius, who on the voyage here from the motherland on the ship Kennemerlant went to rest in the Lord on the 1st of September of last month (just as the named ship sailed into this bay) and was buried here the next day in the Christian way
Council of Policy 1755 Jun 21 C.133. pp.242-271 … people who died of this disease [smallpox] should not be undressed but be coffined as soon as possible in the gown in which they died, the coffin closed immediately and as quickly as is possible, and at least within two twenty-four-hour periods, be interred, however with regards to slaves that those should definitely be buried within twenty four hours.And also because the exceptionally large number of people which came to die in this and in the previous month the graveyard near the church is completely occupied except for a small part, therefore on the request of the local deanery a plot of land is given into their ownership next to the soldier grave yard and of the same size, namely 429 square roeden and 140 feet, to serve as a general grave yard, where, after the old one becomes full, the bodies of the Cape residents will have to be buried, against payment of the same church duties as were the bodies buried at the afore mentioned old grave yard.
Council of Policy 1677 Mar 4 C.10. pp.75-80 ... bring the dead skipper to the house of the free burgher Wouter Mostaart, and bury him similarly with good respect and the usual ceremony by 12 skippers, from the return fleet as well as from other ships, in the church …
Council of Policy 1755 Jul 15 C.133. pp.283-349 that the grave yard surrounding the local church these days got so full of corpses that there can be no more buried there without placing those dead bodies on top of other undecomposed coffins, by which these then cannot be brought to the required depth under the ground
Council of Policy 1677 Dec 16 C.12. pp.17-22 And noticing the old church in the new fort, which in the near future will have to be leveled to give the necessary space in the fort, and the ground (in which from time to time dead were buried) which is quite a bit higher than the Parade and the dead resting in it will have to be exhumed, So is agreed by the Governor and the Council not to have any more bodies brought and buried there, and because another place is required urgently instead of the mentioned and inadequate grave yard, for the use of every one or whomever may need it, the H. Council pointed out an adequate spot situated in the Company’s abandoned garden, to lay the dead to rest there and provide them with an appropriate space, and to let the diocese of the H. Company first of all build a walled grave yard, and with time a decent proper small church, where the qualifying and lesser Europeans each to their desire can have their resting place from the church for the amount of penningen that is still to be established.
Council of Policy 1677 Jan 10 C.12. pp.34-38 from now on the dead will be buried in the proposed new church and grave yard … laid under the earth in the Indiaase manner … those qualified, wishing to be buried within the area of the new projected church, will have to pay 25 Rxrs for that use and privilege, and to charge the common man who will be buried in this mentioned grave yard, two Rxrs. For the Company servants, when they have credit on their current account, it will be deducted.
Council of Policy 1764 Nov 13 C.142. pp.396-407 Art: 1: To serve the church, to have ten rental graves constructed in brick on the outer grave yard and to cover those same properly with Stones on top and number them, to the end that someone buried in it, will have to pay a sum of f25 Indian valuta for that, besides the usual church expenses for bier and pall. Art:2: One who is inclined to have his grave in ownership on the outer grave yard, will pay for this a sum of f75: same value, provided that this person has it bricked out at his own expense, and has it floored on top, each grave will be 8: feet long 5: feet wide and 5: feet deep. Art: 3: That the undertaker will be ordered to make two charnel houses in each corner of the grave yard. Art: 4: That the shrub there will be cut back properly, and the holes filled in. And because the same church council also complained, that some malicious people, who don’t spare themselves the effort, climb over the walls of said outer grave yard for the purpose of cutting the grass to be found there as fodder for horses and other livestock; While others use their slaves there for, and like that give rise to many irregularities, to prevent suchlike inappropriate behaviour it is therefore resolved to post an edict, that from now on no one will be allowed, under whatever pretext, to climb over the walls of the aforementioned outer grave yard at the risk that the one who will be caught doing so will be fined 25 Rd:s for the first time, and 50: Rd:s for the second time, however when caught the third time, on top of that will be arbitrarily corrected; and that concerning this for the remainder masters will be answerable and accountable for their slaves.
Council of Policy 1687 Dec 25 C.19. pp.83-88 And in case somebody comes to pass away, either free born or slave, that person shall be entrusted to the earth nowhere else than the usual place in the grave yard, or be fined nine Rixd., of which half will be for the officer who notices the offence, and the other half for the Church.
Council of Policy 1767 May 5 C.145. pp.186-203 That all people who passed away from this disease, be it Europeans, freeblacks or Slaves, are not allowed to be undressed, but have to be coffined swiftly in the clothes in which they came to die, the coffins closed immediately, and as soon as possible, at least within two twenty-four-hour periods, have to be interred in the outer grave yard, So that no such bodies can be buried, either in the church or in the grave yard surrounding the church: however that slaves absolutely within a twenty-four-hour period, or as much earlier as can be done, have to be buried, on the risk of a 50: Rijxd: fine, for the one who will be found negligent on this.
Council of Policy 1710 Mar 11 C.27. pp.116-122 all common Company servants, who come to die in the hospital here, only in a blanket … are entrusted to the earth in the common soldier, sailor and slave grave yard … all such deceased European servants, as well as the common man, that come to die here while serving in the garrison, should be buried in coffins, in as far as planks can be spared … on the account of those in credit, and written off to the hospital for those in debt. And furthermore it was agreed to have the aforementioned graveyard, at present still completely open, bound by a decent wall after a suitable leveling and raising; so as to prevent pigs or other animals turning up the soil or damaging the corpses.
Council of Policy 1793 Jul 8 C.224. pp.226-283 Jan George Berrends resident citizen … That the submitter on the first of August of the year 1791 for the period of three years starting on the first of September of that year and ending the last of August of this running year 1794 remained the contractor for the tender to ride Wheat and Barley from the Company’s stores to the Wheat and barley water mills, and from there back to the Stores, taking away the dead from the Company’s Hospital to the common grave yard west of the last houses of the Cape